Ancestries of the Wives of Green Hardaway
Eliza Cline & Josephine Greenwood
It begins with Eliza...
On August 18, 1870, the 1870 Census of Precinct 3, using the Belmont, TX post office, relates that Edward (born about 1818 in North Carolina) and Nancy Cline (born about 1835 in Georgia) arrived in Lavaca County, Texas in about 1857 (per the Texas Voters Registration List on July 17, 1867) and removed to Gonzales County by 1858 (near Moulton, Texas). It does not appear that this particular branch of the Cline-family owned property of their own, however they did work as farm laborers according to the document. Together the Cline-couple had at least eight children: Daniel Cline (c. 1850), Sarah Ann Cline (b. 1854), Noah Cline (b. 1858), Calvin Cline (b. 1860), Henry Cline (c. 1863), Chaney Cline (c. 1864), Eliza Cline (c.1866), and Melvina "Melly/Milly" Cline (c.1870).
As a note, preliminary ancestry research seems to point to Abe Cline Sr. who was born about 1843 in North Carolina and died in 1901 in Gonzales County, (and who is linked with the killing of Spencer Cunningham of July 1893) as a possible son of Mr. Edward Cline. Records have not been found to prove this conclusively.
At any rate, by the suggestion of the three census forms available for her, Eliza Cline was born more specifically sometime before June in the year 1866.
In 1870 she is found as a 4-year-old girl who was born in Texas.
She can also be found attending the Wesley Chapel Methodist Episcopal School in Colored School District #2 for the years 1876 and 1879 thus far; ages 10 and 12 respectively.
On June 18, 1880 in Enumeration District 69 in Gonzales County, Eliza can be found as a farm laborer at the age of 14-years-old. She is alleged to have been courted, along with one of her sisters, by Green Hardaway. If true, this could have been either Sarah or Melvina (who also went by "Melly"/"Milly"), per her age. Originally, it was rumored that Green and one of Eliza's sisters gave birth to a child named 'Donna', however, the child--identified as Dinah Dibrell, nee Hardaway--was actually the daughter of Green Hardaway and Mary Rebecca Ferrell Carmichael. (Note that, Dinah's mother is incorrectly listed on her death certificate as Josephine Greenwood.)
While it is unknown as to what was going on with Eliza's older brother called Daniel Cline (c. 1850), we do know that Eliza's older sister, Sarah Ann Cline (b. 1854) married a year prior to John B. Boatwright, and moved so that she lived next door to her parents. By 1880, Sarah's oldest daughter, Texanna Boatwright, was born.
It is known and documented by J.P. Ezekiel W. Walker of Gonzales County, in his "Inquisition Book" (Page 28, Dolph Briscoe Center--UT Austin) that Nancy Cline was struck by a train and killed in 1889. The inquest was performed on July 24, 1889. Eliza would have certainly still been part of her mother's life at this juncture, age 23. Squire Walker's words describe that W.F. McQueeney of the Galveston Harrisburg & San Antonio R.R. Locomotive hit Nancy and shoved her off the trestle track at 7:30 PM on July 23, 1889 in Waelder, Texas. Upon the inquest where Eliza's brother Calvin, sister "Melly" (Melvina), the train's engineer W.F. McQueeney, and others attested, Walker determined that no charges should be brought against anyone for the death of the elderly Mrs. Cline who was described as being of about the age of 65 or 70, and that the incident was purely accidental. Her husband Edward 'Ned' Cline's death is not immediately known, and it does not appear Walker makes reference to it in his ledgers.
Eliza Cline was pregnant for most of her adult life. Again, one of her sisters and she are rumored to have been both courted by Green Hardaway before her marriage to him on November 27, 1885, when she was 19 years old. Their daughter Rosa Lee Hardaway's death certificate claims a birth date of July 7, 1884--that's one year and four months before her parents married in Gonzales County. However, if we take a look at the last census available for Eliza--the 1900 census--Rosa Lee's birth year is given as 1882--that's a little over 3 years before Eliza married Green. The 1900 census describes Rosa Lee as being 17 years old, suggesting she was one month from her 18th birthday, if she was born in July. This information provides that while Rosa Lee Hardaway may have been a child out of wedlock, that her birth may have occurred when her mother was just 16 year's old rather than 18. Regardless, Green would have been 20, with his birthday on February 10th.
If we moved backward on Eliza's lifeline, we may note that on June 18th, 1880, she was living at home and working as a farm laborer, listed as a 14-year-old girl. She clearly had a birth month between January and June, which comes from her three available censuses, which were taken in the summer. In 1870, she is found as a four-year-old girl.
Eliza can be found as Mrs. Hardaway on the 1900 census, and reports that along with Rosa Lee, her other children are: Radie, Semon, Nancy A., Clarence, Roberta, Henry Green and Robert A. Hardaway. Apparently, Radie was born six months after Eliza married Green on May 5, 1886. 17 months after Radie came Semon Hardaway. Eight months after Semon came Nancy A. Hardaway, sometime in July of 1888. Nancy A. is assumed to have died young considering she has no obvious record after the 1900 census on which she is featured and also does not show on the scholastic census of the school she would have attended with her siblings by September 1901. Two years and five months after Nancy A. came Clarence Hardaway. Another 2 years and three months brought the Hardaway's daughter called Roberta. A little over two years later Henry Green Hardaway was born. And finally 17 months later came the last of her children named Robert A. Hardaway.
It is evident that Eliza spent very little time without carrying a child. She was certainly a woman kept. It is unknown the circumstances from which she died but Justice of the Peace, Ezekiel W. Walker records in his personal papers on file at the Briscoe Center @ the University of Texas @ Austin, in his "Cash Book" (wherein he describes his personal activities for any given day in 1901 as well as the local weather patterns), the deaths of the citizens he served. He says on July 5, 1901 "a pretty day very hot the hottest part of the season, some thunder heads in the S.E., Green Hardaway's wife died." On July 6, 1901 he describes "a pretty but very hot day, a light shower of rain, Andrew Miller (colored) died. Hardaway's wife and Andrew Miller were buried." This is the only surviving record pinpointing Eliza Cline's death as death certificates during this era were not required by the State of Texas. However, despite Squire Walker's detailed papers, Eliza's burial site is not identified. Information from older Hardaway relatives, and stone remnants, suggest Eliza was interred under a (crape myrtle) tree, within walking distance of her home on her property.
It ends with Josephine...
Gilbert Greenwood arrived in Lavaca County in 1855, according to the Texas Voters Registration List of July 17, 1867. He was born in about 1820 in Louisiana. He has been identified as having at least five children by 1865: James, Henry, Green, Joseph and Mary.
He married Rosetta 'Rosa' Hughes in Lavaca County, Texas on April 20, 1868, which points to the only child belonging to Hughes by the 1870-census as Martha "Mattie" Greenwood. In fact, of the eldest five children, the only child of Gilbert Greenwood with an available death certificate that identifies Hughes as his biological mother is Green Greenwood, the other certificates list "unknown".
Gilbert Greenwood's children eventually numbered seven: James Greenwood (born about 1840 in Texas--despite the information given by the Texas Voters Registration List on July 17, 1867), Henry Greenwood (born September 1845 in Mississippi), Green Greenwood (born in about 1858 in Texas), Joseph Greenwood (born about 1862 in Texas), Mary Greenwood (born in about 1865 and cataloged only once as attending at the Rock Fort School in 1876), and Martha "Mattie" Greenwood (born June 19, 1870 in Gonzales County, Texas). Additionally a son called Tommie Greenwood was born in about 1891, however his mother is not noted as being either of the two women Gilbert is known to have partnered with on any written record.
Investigating Gilbert Greenwood's 1870 census and his children's vital statistics one might see with a closer look that there are a few implications. Not only was Martha "Mattie" born three days after the family's enumeration in 1870, but the location of her birth takes place in a county different from where her parents were settled in 1870. Did the 1870 census occur on the heels of a move north to Gonzales County? And was Rosa Greenwood pregnant? Perhaps.
Other than Gilbert's son James and daughter Mary who cannot be accounted for, his son Henry Greenwood married to Harriet Elizabeth McKinney on August 20, 1868 in Lavaca County--the same date Gilbert married Rosa Hughes. By 1880 Henry Greenwood and Harriet McKinney had given birth to Elizabeth, Joanna, Mary, Nellie, Rilla, Lillian and John W. Greenwood.
Henry's brother Green Greenwood went on to marry with Martha 'Mattie' Mueller on June 7, 1877 in Gonzales County, Texas and father Lee, Ida M., Mary, Maggie Lee, Anna, Olevia, Joseph, Betta, Lila L., and Rosella Greenwood, establishing his family just inside the turn of the century. Green Greenwood was to die on May 19, 1941 in San Antonio, Texas.
Henry's brother Joseph Greenwood married Mrs. Clara Moore on August 10, 1887 in Gonzales County, Texas. Together they reared Hattie, Willie, Curtis, Singleton, Lee Avant, Madge, Thelma, Juanita, Lola, Idell, and Adrian Greenwood, establishing his branch of next generation Greenwoods by about 1911. Joseph Greenwood passed away sometime before 1930.
Martha 'Mattie' Greenwood rose up in holy matrimony with Mr. Richard Wilson on December 7, 1881 in Gonzales County. They gave rise to Clintie, Birdie, Rosanna, Sarah, Jesse, Penola, Montra, Homer, Mattie, Mack E., and Alzie B. Greenwood, so that their family unit was established by 1908. Mattie Wilson, nee Greenwood, departed this world on October 10, 1942 out of Waelder, Texas in Gonzales County.
The summer of 1881 brought the last daughter to the life of Henry and Harriet called Josephine Greenwood. It is evident through the Scholastic Census of the Mt. Eden School in Gonzales County that Josephine and her sisters received a country school education and that Mt. Eden was the epicenter of worship and education for those blacks in the southern outlying areas of Waelder. Josephine obtained schooling for the year 1896-1897 at the age of 15 years old at the Mount Eden School. She appears to be have attended along with several first cousins who bear the Greenwood surname.
Marriage was quick to find Josephine. Her groom was Daniel Ward on December 22, 1898 in Gonzales County and their daughter Penola Ward would come September 24, 1901 in Gonzales County, Texas.
And had it not been for the death of Green Hardaway's wife Eliza Cline on July 5, 1901, and Josephine's subsequent separation from Daniel Ward, there may not have been a Hardaway story to expound upon. For on January 17, 1903 Josephine and Green Hardaway filed for a marriage license in Gonzales County, and were then married on January 22, 1903 in Flatonia, Texas by Reverend Townsend. This holy union brought about thirteen Hardaway children.
Josephine's siblings also found partners to include: Elizabeth "Lizzie" Greenwood who married Chance Parsons in 1896 and Claudie Goodlow in 1922 and possibly William Harrell in 1882; Mary Greenwood who married Edward "Ed" Taylor in 1896; Nellie Greenwood who married Rev. Joe Harris in 1892; Rilla Greenwood who married Jonah Williams in 1894; Lillian Greenwood who married Robert Allen in 1898; John W. Greenwood who married Ester Ward in 1898. Josephine's father partnered with Lena Sadberry whom he married February 3, 1901 and fathered Claretta Greenwood; Allen Greenwood; Minnie (Greenwood) Carter; and Matthew Greenwood who married Augusta Musgrove in 1930.
When comparing the longevity of Josephine's life, it seems itself altogether brief, as Ms. Eliza Cline's life was. But it can be seen that shortly before the birth of her first daughter, Penola Ward, Josephine lived with her older sister Rilla (Greenwood) Williams and her family. She is described as a widowed sister-in-law named going by "Joe Ward" at the age of 19. It is interesting to consider the relationship dynamics between Josephine and Daniel Ward given that she lived with her sister in 1900 and would give birth to their daughter 15 months down the line. Daniel Ward can be found living with his mother in 1900 if that alleged census-record can be trusted.
1910 found Josephine settled into her new position as step-mother to only a few of Eliza's children and mother to her own on the Green Hardaway farm. She is said to have taught and enjoyed piano and worked alongside her husband in his entrepreneurial endeavors.
Tragically, Josephine died on April 16, 1926. Dr. Brookes, who likely performed a spinal tap, determined Josephine succumbed to cerebral infection. This left Green to finish rearing his children and see them into the 1930s. Josephine was buried in the Andrew Wesley Chapel Cemetery during a slight rain on April 17, 1926.
Together with Green Hardaway, Josephine mothered: Louis "Dick" Hardaway, 1906:75; Myrtle Hardaway Simms, 1905:56; Willie Douglas "Mack" Hardaway Sr., 1906:75; Rudolph Hardaway, 1907:76; Rodger Maze "Baker" Hardaway, 1910:79, Mary Hardaway Ricks, 1911:56; Sally J. Hardaway Johnson, 1913:62; Izola Hardaway DeWitt, 1914:50; Marion "King" Hardaway, 1915:63; Earkle Hardaway Harris, 1916:83; Quinton Ben "Bubba" Hardaway Sr., 1918:81; Clyde J. Hardaway Sr., 1921:62; and Eola Hardaway Tyus, 1922:76.